Do you know your meat cuts? Which steak to choose for a particular dish?
Beef is divided into large sections called primal cuts. These beef primal cuts, or “primals,” are then broken down further into sub-primals and then into individual steaks and other cuts.
The most tender cuts of beef, like the rib and tenderloin, are the ones furthest from the horn and the hoof. By contrast, the shoulder and leg muscles are worked the most, which makes them tougher.
Lets go through a few…
Sirloin Steak (1) also known as Entrecôte.
Sirloin is considered to be a prime steak, like fillet, but it has more flavour.
T-Bone Steak (2) thinner version of a Porterhouse Steak
Sirloin on one side and fillet on the other, what a combination! Cut from the rear end of the joint. Make sure its cooked evenly, finish off cooking in the oven.
Perfect steak for sharing, with a slice of sirloin and fillet each.
Hanger Steak (3) also known as Onglet
Once relatively underknown in the UK this has now become the cut of choice.
Cut this steak along the sinew to separate it into two and trim off the sinew. You want to make sure that you cook it to medium-rare or medium. Unlike a ribeye steak, a hanger steak has a very coarse texture with a distinct grain running through it. Anywhere beyond medium, and it gets too rubbery to chew. Undercook it, on the other hand, and you get meat that is mushy and slippery. Rare hanger steak is simply not the same as rare tenderloin, ribeye, or strip. Use a thermometer, and cook it to the sweet spot between 51°C and 54ºC .
Bavette Steak (4) also known as Flank or Goose Skirt
Part of the flank and like skirt, this steak has a full, rich flavour and should be cooked very quickly, served rare and sliced across the grain. This traditional old fashioned cut has made a comeback in British menu’s in recent years for it’s strong flavour.
A great cut for barbecuing.
Rib-Eye Steak (5) a boneless steak
Cut from the rib this is a beautiful succulent steak ideal to cook on the bbq or in a griddle pan. Great with chips and salad.
You usually get two classic cuts from the rib, rib-eye (no bone) or cote de boeuf but there is a relative new steak – Tomahawk. This has a long rib bone, making it perfect for BBQ (it gives you something to hold while you eat it – caveman stylie).
Fillet (6) a totally tender boneless steak
Fillet is prized as the most tender cut of all. Ours have been described as “better than restaurant quality”.
With little or no fat, it is best served rare as you like. This is the cut used for carpaccio (the dish of raw meat, served thinly sliced).
Rump Steak (7) full of flavour
Rump has lots of flavour and texture. Totally opposite to fillet, rump can be cooked to whatever degree you like.
A great steak for griddling or frying with more flavour than sirloin.
How to cook your steak the way you want it.